We shouldn’t feel superior as a result of the Dunning-Kruger effect. One reason it applies so universally is that everyone is “less competent” than others in some domain. Kruger & Dunning themselves (1998: 1132) even express some unease about possible meta-implications:
Although we feel we have done a competent job […], our thesis leaves us with one haunting worry […] that this article may contain faulty logic, methodological errors, or poor communication
as, according to their own findings, they wouldn’t be aware if that were the case.
A glossary of technical terms for types of abbreviation.
Initialisms = words formed from a sequence of initial letters (e.g. RSVP, TLA, WTO, YMMV ). Acronyms are, strictly, more specifically sequences of initial letters creating a pronounceable wordform (e.g. HART, JAFA, WHO ), though acronym is also used more loosely for any initialism.
Clippings are formed by removing entire syllables, usually leaving just the first syllable (e.g. semifinal > semi, submarine > sub). Clippings may result in ambiguity (there's a few alternative expansions for both semi and sub.)
Blends are created by combining sound sequences from several words into one wordform (e.g. brunch, frenemy, smog, spam ). Blends usually also have a meaning that combines the meanings of the original words.
That being said, some abbreviations don't strictly fit any of these patterns (e.g. the written forms govt, intl, qtr .)
The next New Zealand election will be first class.
"Such a big election. The biggest."
What, because of the coming election?
Dunno if I’m exactly looking forward to that.
Predictably, over at No Right Turn, I/S is arguing that our current political leaders are part of the environmental problem and
if we want to survive – not just as a species, but as individuals – we need to vote them out on their arses and get better ones.
But as usual, the big unanswered question is: so where are these better leaders going to come from?
Labour have definitely proved themselves unimpressive and unambitious so far, but even the Greens have negotiated themselves into an unappealing position of appeasement. Yet (and I really wish I/S would remember this) the sad fact is that if the voters who care most about the environment abstain in disgust, that will only guarantee the election of the planet-raping Nats.
So the current options all suck, and meanwhile the waka-jumping law has removed the best chance of getting any new political party into power.
It's all too bloody frustrating.
So, basically it’s now a term directed at those that
(a) have the highest degree of privilege (because of a combination of nationality, race, class, generation, and gender); and
(b) are largely oblivious to that fact: they have been surrounded by it their whole lives, and see it as normal; and (in consequence)
(c) assume either that the same is normal for everybody, or that anybody not experiencing the same benefits from society “doesn’t deserve it”.
Truly these are special individuals….
which makes the reverse epithet “snowflake” especially ironic.
A little Googling finds a more detailed version of the graph on p24 of this report (PDF) — Global Commission on Drugs (2019), Classification of Psychoactive Substances
which further subclassifies the harms into
Crime and injury : Crime committed in order to acquire the substance, or increased risk of e.g. domestic violence, traffic accidents
Environmental and international damage e.g. discarded needles, chemicals used in production, deforestation, international crime
Family Adversities e.g. family breakdown, child neglect
Community and economic cost e.g. Health care, prisons, loss of productivity, decline in social cohesion, neighborhood reputation
The largest contribution to harms to others from heroin is, as expected, in the "Crime and injury" subcategory. Admittedly, that turns out to be quite a broad subcategory.
And yet “win-win” and “everybody wins” typically don’t refer to all parties sharing a common prize, merely everyone receiving some outcome beneficial to them.
Possibly also included in "harm to others" is theft committed to fund a drug habit, which is a "harm" that might be expected to be higher for more expensive drugs -- which maybe helps explain heroin's ranking?
The railway station serving my campus in northern Tokyo is surrounded by “No Smorking” signs, because getting anything checked by a native speaker of English just causes unnecessary delay, as eny fule no…
Yeah, not easy to symbolise opposition to green with a colour, because everything comes pre-loaded with multiple associations.
Purple? has the advantage of blending the red-blue scale, plus signaling the imperialist end of capitalism … but also has some more socially progressive uses.
Yellow? for foot-dragging cowardice and piss-poor engagement with science … but has a potentially racist reading in the same way as brown or black.
Blue? for what they did to chances of sustainability … but then again, blue planet, water purity, low temperature.
Orange, for orange you getting tired of this list?
… Puce! Puce sounds about right. Say it repeatedly. See?